It is suggested that before couples start trying to conceive, they get tested for possible infertility conditions. While evaluating lifestyle and routine may be good enough to detect a number of health problems which may have gone unnoticed, detailed fertility analysis helps to pick up ailments which may not have shown symptoms. These fertility tests are designed to carefully analyze the compatibility of the two bodies of the couples and how best either one or both partners can improve their performance to ensure successful pregnancy. Also, it puts light on any condition that may have been unknown which is causing infertility in either or both partners.
7 Factors To Be Aware Of Before Trying To Conceive
1. STD’s that cause Infertility
The first step to these tests is making sure there are no sexually transmitted diseases. Both partners must go through this test to make sure that the other partner is not in danger of catching an infection due to unprotected intercourse. Also, there are a number of sexually transmitted diseases that may not exhibit aggravated symptoms, but would decrease fertility chances in both men and women. Testing makes it easy to rule out the possibility of fertility reduction through these diseases. Lastly, prevention and cure of sexually transmitted diseases before conception of fetus also prevents the transfer of the disease from the mother to the child during pregnancy.
2. Genital Infections and Infertility
Both partners must get checked for genital infections which may be prevalent. These infections could be the reason for reduced fertility or may even make intercourse uncomfortable for the partners, as a result of which conception gets delayed. Testing to make sure the possibility of infections is not going to intervene with the pregnancy, helps couples to be sure that intercourse is comfortable and the desired results can easily be attained.
3. Menopause and Infertility
Women who are above the age of 35 may find it difficult to get pregnant. This could be because they might hit menopause early and have already entered the peri-menopause phase. This is the natural degeneration of the body due to hormonal changes and cannot be altered through medication or treatment. However, this condition does not confirm whether there would be a pregnancy or not. Women who are nearing menopause may still be fertile enough to conceive, as well as go through pregnancy and childbirth; however, conception may take longer than expected. In this case the lifestyle disciplines may need to be incorporated to achieve better results.
4. Septate Hymen and Infertility
Some women need to visit a profession gynecologist because there is a tissue lining which prevents the sperm from reaching the egg. The removal of this tissue, more common known as the hymen could help the egg to penetrate through, into the fallopian tubes and thus fertilization would occur. This is a procedure that only a gynecologist can perform and thus regular checkups are required.
5. Uterine Environment
In more detailed fertility tests, the uterine environment may be studied. A pH imbalance in the uterus may be unhealthy for the sperm and thus cause sperm death, even before it can reach the ovum in the fallopian tubes. While an unreceptive environment may be curable to an extent, the chances of conception are reduced in such cases and one may need to go in for IVF or fertility pregnancy options like surrogacy to conceive a child.
6. Fallopian Tube Blockage and Infertility
Other female reproductive disorders would include fallopian tubal blockage or disease which can lie undetected for years without troubling the woman or showing any signs of illness. In such a case, it is close to impossible to achieve conception without external intervention. Another possibility can be scarring in the fallopian tubes as a result of which the ovum, the sperm or the fertilized egg is not able to reach the uterus for implantation and thus pregnancy does not occur. Lastly, a detailed fertility analysis would also include the inspection of the uterine lining present in females. If the lining is too thin, the egg does not implant properly and the same falls true for the lining being too thick.
7. Semen Analysis
Male partners can also go in for professional fertility tests which would determine whether or not conception would be possible. This is not a long procedure and may help determine any possible diseases, ailments or infections one might be suffering from, but may have been unaware of. A semen analysis in men helps to determine the quality and strength of the sperm. This decides how quickly the sperm would be able to swim to the ovum in the fallopian tubes and if it would be able to penetrate the exterior covering or not. These tests also measure the number of sperms that are resealed per ejaculation. As simple probability, as the number of sperms increases with every ejaculation, so does the chance of conception and pregnancy. An ultrasound test can also be helpful in making sure the sperm ejaculation process is good and also ensure that there are no blockages in the sperm duct which may be obstructing ejaculation.
While there may not be any direct reason for infertility to prevail in both men and women, there may be other diseases, which indirectly affect the same. An imbalance in the testosterone in males and estrogen and progesterone in females may have a direct relation to infertility. But, hormones like thyroid may affect infertility indirectly and their imbalance may make it difficult for the couple to get pregnant. There may also be cases where infertility is genetic and cannot be altered. Depending on the extent of gene and its prevalence in the partners, conception may or may not occur.
After the results of fertility tests are concluded, couples may opt for treatment to make sure their health is up to par and probability of pregnancy is maximized.