Sedentary life styles and poor eating habits have become a major health concern in the United Kingdom and more people are being urged to take diabetic screenings. As such, more and more incidences of diabetes are becoming prevalent.
Here we take a look at the different types of diabetes and where you can receive help and support once you have received a positive diabetes test screening from your doctor.
Diabetes mellitus is a group of several different metabolic disorders which affect the way our body produces and reacts to insulin, a primary component of the metabolic system used to regulate glucose levels in our blood. Although the above-mentioned factors can and will lead to diabetes if left unchecked, some very healthy and weight managed individual are still prone to diabetes. Due to this slight disambiguation, Diabetes mellitus has been separated into a couple different categories.
Type 1 diabetes is a disorder the affects the body’s ability to properly produce insulin. Originally dubbed child onset diabetes because of its major prevalence in children, medical science now knows that it is possible for the onset to occur into adulthood however it is still more likely to occur during adolescence. Due to the physiopathology of the disorder those suffering from Type 1 diabetes must regularly control their glucose levels by injecting insulin and maintaining a balanced diet.
There are no preventative measures against Type 1 diabetes, which is why health and weight play no factor into it whatsoever. Therefore if you have been diagnosed with diabetes it is important to understand that although you may have been leading a relatively healthy life style beforehand, drastic changes in your daily activities will be required to maintain a healthy level of glucose and insulin.
Unlike Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Type 2 is preventable and is a cause of poor lifestyle such as a lack of exercise and poor dietary choices therefore; prevalence of type 2 diabetes is most often found in overweight adults. The physiopathology of Type 2 affects the response the body has to the secretion of insulin. In some cases the body slows or completely halts the manufacturing of insulin as well. An onset of Type 2 diabetes also calls for drastic lifestyle changes. Typically this means the same as mentioned above.
Exercise and proper diet are an absolute must and those with Type 2 diabetes should also cease things like smoking and must take extra care to watch and regulate their blood pressure. Although the injection of insulin may be necessary, there are other drugs that work to increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin as well as reduce the amount of glucose that the liver produces.
Whatever the type may be, mismanaging diabetes mellitus can result in serious complications including loss of extremities, coma and even death. It is imperative that you work with you physician’s recommendations to control certain lifestyle factors that can contribute to a worsening of the condition.
There are lots of resources both online and from your doctors office that you can refer to for support. There are sites such as Diabetes Support as well as www.diabetes.org.uk and these websites offer you support and allow you to communicate with people who are in the same position as yourself – this alone can be a huge help knowing there are people out there with the same fears as you.
About the Author:
Michael Smith is a keen health blogger and has contributed to various health and wellbeing sites for a number of years.